5 types of Layer chicken strains that are often bred in Indonesia

Strain is a term for a breed of chicken that has undergone crossing from various nations, thus creating excellent breeds with high production efficiency and hereditary. Well, the type of chicken strain layer itself is considered important, because it will affect the production, development, and cultivation of business scale.

In the layer/ layer chicken farming business, there are many types of superior layer chicken strains that can be used by farmers. But keep in mind, that in choosing a strain of chicken must also be adapted to the conditions of the region. For those of you who want to start a layer chicken farming business, here we provide a list of types of layer chickens that are often bred in Indonesia.

You’re so curious, right? Check out this article until it’s finished!

1. Strain Hyline brown

1. Strain Hyline brown
1. Strain Hyline brown

Layer chicken strain type hyline brown is one type of chicken that is often used by farmers. This chicken was created in America in 1972. The advantages of this type of chicken are the ability to live at 98% growth and 97% egg laying period, with a peak percentage of production reaching 95-96%.

Hyline brown chickens have a characteristic reddish-brown plumage color. This chicken is very suitable to be bred in Indonesia because, the chicken’s temperament is very calm according to various maintenance methods. Hyline brown’s egg production is very high which produces 305 eggs per year and has an average weight of 63-64 grams / grain.

2. Leghorn Strains

This leghorn layer chicken comes from Tuscany,central Italy. Leghorn chickens are one of the popular layer chicken breeds in the world. The characteristics of this chicken are, among others :

  • Slim body shape.
  • The beak, skin and legs are yellow.
  • The Shape of a single comb with 5 serrations, the color is red.
  • The tail sticks out and has a white plumage color.
  • Egg weight 55-65 grams / grain.

Leghorn chickens have the advantage that they can produce 280-300 eggs in one year per tail, the body weight of adult males ranges from 2.7-2.9 kg and adult females ranges from 2-2.5 kg. Not only that, this chicken is resistant to heat, so it is very suitable to be bred in the tropics.

3. Strain one brown

Laying hens of the isa brown Breed are the flagship breed of chickens resulting from the crossing of Rhode island red and white leghorns. This crossing was carried out in England in 1978. The characteristic feature of these chickens is that their feathers and eggs are brown.

The production period of isa brown chickens ranges from 18 to 90 weeks and has a life expectancy of 94%. Each chicken in one rearing period can produce 409 eggs with an average weight of 62.9 grams. The amount of feed consumed is on average 111 grams.

4. Rhode island red Strain

Rhode island red chicken is a dwifungsi chicken that is kept for meat and eggs. As the name suggests this chicken comes from Rhode Island and New England, Massachusetts, United States. Despite being a dual-purpose breed, rhode island red is more used as a laying hen. This is because the egg production per head ranges from 260-300 Eggs/year.

The characteristics of rhode island red chickens include the following :

  • Has brownish-red plumage
  • On the neck, wings and tail are black.
  • the skin and legs are yellow.
  • The body weight of adult males ranges from 3.5-4 kg and adult females ranges from 2.5-3 kg.

This chicken has advantages such as, resistance to various diseases, easy to adapt in new environments, calm nature and slow movement, and the taste of meat is soft, delicious and large size. Because of this advantage is much-loved poultry farmers in Indonesia.

5. Plymouth rock Strain

The origin of Plymouth rock layer chicken is from the United States. Many breeders call these chickens barred rock or rock. Just like the Rhode island red breed, this type of chicken is also a dwifungsi chicken.

Features of plymouth rock chickens include,

  • Has a red comb, wattle, and ears.
  • The scales of the legs are yellow.
  • The Shape of the back is wide and long.
  • The beak of these chickens has a bright yellow color.

Plymouth rock chickens have a calm disposition. Egg productivity each year can produce between 170-200 eggs/head. The body weight of adult males ranges from 3.5-5 kg while adult females range from 2.5-3.5 kg. These chickens are popular with Indonesian farmers because they easily adapt to the environment of various climatic conditions and their rapid growth.

That’s all the discussion of the types of layer chicken strains that are often bred in Indonesia. Hopefully it can provide insight and reference for those of you who want to start a layer/ layer chicken farming business. Thank you and best wishes for success!

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